Al Younbouh - Rehabilitation Center for People with Special Needs - Jounieh - Lebanon  
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People with mental retardation are PEOPLE FIRST. They have the same needs and desires as everyone else. Treat them as individuals. Recognize their ABILITIES not their disabilities.

What is Mental Retardation?
What Are the Signs of Mental Retardation?
What Causes Mental Retardation?
Additional Links

What is Mental Retardation?

Mental Retardation is not a disease, nor is it a mental disorder. It is a disability characterized by limited intelligence skills and adaptive behaviors.

Even though people with intellectual disabilities react more slowly than others and have communication and social difficulties, they can and do learn new skills through support and instructive tasks and activities.

What Are the Signs of Mental Retardation?

Children with mental retardation may have trouble in some or all of the following:
  • Speaking
  • Remembering things
  • Understanding social rules
  • Seeing the consequences of their actions
  • Thinking logically or solving problems


What Causes Mental Retardation?

Mental retardation is the most common developmental disorder and can originate anytime before the age of 18. It is most commonly caused by:
  • Genetic conditions: abnormal genes
  • Problems before birth (during pregnancy): development problems or infections.
  • Birth defects: labor or birth problems
  • Health problems: serious head injury, stroke, or certain infections such as meningitis


Additional Links

Definition of Mental Retardation
http://www.aamr.org/content_100.cfm?navID=21

What is Mental Retardation? How Common Is It? Causes & Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/dd/ddmr.htm

Mental Retardation Fact Sheet
http://www.nichcy.org/pubs/factshe/fs8txt.htm

Myths of Mental Retardation
http://www.mhmr.luzerne.pa.us/MRmyths.htm

Children with Mental Retardation
http://www.uab.edu/cogdev/mr.htm